Forest Products Association of Canada

Economic Backbone Map

YT NU BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NL NT NS

More than 650 Canadian communities rely on forestry. Half of those depend on forestry for at least 50 per cent of household income. And about 160 of those communities are solely reliant on forestry.

This map displays the three most reliant categories and their approximate locations:



To view selected facts for each region, click on the icon on the map.

Selected Facts


Province:

YUKON

Forest Environment

  • Yukon has 4.7 million hectares of stocked forest area
  • 7.9 million hectares of forested land. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 79% is softwood, 19% is mixedwood and 2% is hardwood
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 54%, pine 32% and poplar aspen 11

Forest Industry

  • Yukon exported $159,000 worth of forest products in 2013 (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the territorial balance of trade was $146,000 (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES

Forest Environment

  • Northwest Territories has 27.9 million hectares of stocked forest area.
  • 28 million hectares of forested land. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 53% is softwood and 47% is mixedwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 83%, poplar/aspen 12% and pine 5%

Forest Industry

  • Northwest Territories exported $43,426 worth of forest products in 2013 (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the territorial balance of trade was $43,426.

NUNAVUT

Forest Environment

  • Nunavut has 0.8 million hectares of stocked forest area.
  • 815,000 hectares of forested area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 52% is softwood and 48% is mixedwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 81%, poplar/aspen 13% and birch 6%

Forest Industry

  • Nunavut exported $48,666 worth of forest products in 2013 (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the territorial balance of trade was $48,666

BRITISH COLUMBIA

Forest Environment

  • BC has almost 60 million hectares of forest. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Less than half of this area is considered timber productions forests – that is, forest from which timber has been, or is expected to be, harvested.
  • BC’s forests are 82% softwood, 13% mixed wood and 5% hardwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are pine 22%, spruce 21% and hemlock 17%
  • BC harvest a fraction of 1% of its forests each year.
  • More than 25 million hectares are old growth. About 15% of this area is fully protected.
  • All public lands that are logged must be reforested with native species. About 200 million seedlings are planted each year to reforest areas after logging, wildfire and insect infestations.
  • In 2013, BC planted it’s 7 billionth tree seedling as part of reforestation programs since the 1930s (British Columbia’s Ministry of Forests, Lands and Natural Resource Operations)
  • 51.5 million hectares of BC’s forests are certified to at least 1 0f 3 globally recognized programs. The province is a world leader in third-party forest certification.
  • BC’s many ecosystems make it home to a great diversity of flora and fauna (common sense) – more than any other province.

Forest Industry

  • Forest products account for about 34% of BC’s exports and 72% of Canada’s softwood lumber. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The primary export market is the U.S.A. Asian nations have replaced Europe as the second major market. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector is the foundation of BC’s economy, employing more than 58,000 people (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey) and producing $6.5 billion in GDP (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 379-0030).
  • It paid $2.4 billion wages and salaries in 2011 (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • Manufactured wood products generated $7.9 billion in revenue in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • The province exported $11.5 billion worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • BC’s forest sector contributed to $9.9 billion to the balance of trade in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • New investments in the forest sector were $0.8 billion in 2007.
  • British Columbia produces a wide range of wood products – from dimensional construction lumber to value-added specialty products to pulp and paper.
  • It produces all the dimensional lumber, plywood and oriented strandboard products needed in wood-frame construction. It exports structural wood products such as prefabricated trusses, I-Joists, machine stress-rated lumber and glulam beams. These products are used in both commercial and residential buildings.
  • Finished wood products include windows, doors, mouldings, flooring, cabinetry and staircase components as well as exterior products for wall and roof cladding, exterior trim, decking, fencing and garden accessories.
  • BC ships prefabricated wood buildings worldwide. The buildings range from traditional hand-crafted log homes to modern factory-built housing, and most are exported complete with the best finishing materials.

ALBERTA

Forest Environment

  • Alberta has 27.7 million hectares of forest area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 46% is softwood, 30% is hardwood, 17% is mixedwood and 7% is unclassified.
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 37%, poplar/aspen 35% and pine 24%.

Forest Industry

  • Alberta’s forest industry directly employed 18,800 people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • It paid $956 million in wages and salaries in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • Manufactured wood products generated $3 billion in revenue in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • The province exported $2.4 billion worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the provincial balance of trade was $2 billion. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • New investments in the forest industry were $0.6 billion in 2007.

SASKATCHEWAN

Forest Environment

  • Saskatchewan has 20 million hectares of forest area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 47% is softwood, 37% is mixedwood and 16% is hardwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are poplar/aspen 40%, spruce 35% and pine 19%.

Forest Industry

  • Saskatchewan’s forest industry directly employed 3,600 people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • It paid $90.5 million in wages and salaries in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • Manufactures wood products generated $460 million in revenue in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • The province exported $443 million worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the provincial balance of trade was $370 million (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)

MANITOBA

Forest Environment

  • Manitoba has 19 million hectares of forest area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 74% is softwood, 15% is hardwood and 11% is mixedwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 38%, poplar/aspen 31% and pine 23%.

Forest Industry

  • Manitoba’s forest industry directly employed 5,000 people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • It paid $135.6 million in wages and salaries in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • Manufactured wood products generated $449 million in revenue in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • The province exported $365 million worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • More than 2.8 million cubic metres of softwoods and 1.3 million cubic metres of hardwoods are currently allocated via Forest Management Licence (FML) agreements with forest products companies or through quotas to small forestry companies and individuals

ONTARIO

Forest Environment

  • Ontario has 54 million hectares of forest area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • In the inventoried forest, 57% is softwood, 26% is mixedwood and 17% is hardwood.
  • Of Ontario’s 85 billion trees, the main species are black spruce 37%, poplar 21% and jack pine 11%.
  • 8.5% of the province’s forests and 12% of its managed forests are located in parks and protected areas.
  • 16% of Ontario’s managed forest is old growth; 20% of the forest in parks and protected areas is old growth.

Forest Industry

  • Ontario’s forest industry directly employed 55,600 people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • It paid $2.8 billion in wages and salaries in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • Manufactured wood products generated $3.2 billion in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • Ontario exported $3.7 billion worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • New investments in the forest industry were $0.5 billion in 2007.

QUEBEC

Forest Environment

  • Quebec has 73 million hectares of forest area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 73% is softwood, 16% is mixedwood and 11% is hardwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 42%, fir 17%, and birch 13%.
  • Quebec has 24% of Canada’s forest and 2% of the world’s. (The World Bank, 2011)
  • More than 200 species of birds, 60 species of mammals and 100 species of fish reside in the province’s forests.
  • On average, 1% of Quebec’s commercial forest area is harvested each year. More than 80% of this area regenerates naturally.
  • About 150 million seedlings are planted each year in public and private forests to complete the regeneration of harvested areas.
  • Less than 20% of Quebec’s boreal vegetation zone is under management and may eventually be harvested.
  • More than 8 million hectares are protected – an area larger than the province of New Brunswick. The goal is to protect 8% of Quebec’s land mass by the end of 2008.

Forest Industry

  • Quebec’s forest industry directly employed 76,000people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • It paid $2.4 billion in wages and salaries in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • Forest products generated $16 billion in revenue in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • The province exported $7.9 billion worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • Quebec’s forest sector contributed $6 billion to the balance of trade in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • New investment in the province’s forest industry was $0.9 billion in 2007.
  • Hunting, fishing, recreational tourism and ecotourism enthusiasts spend about $3 billion each year in Quebec. This accounts for more than 32,000 jobs, for an added value of $1.5 million
  • The Quebec government invested about $315 million in public forests and $77 million in private forests in 2007-2008.

NEW BRUNSWICK

Forest Environment

  • New Brunswick has 6 million hectares of forest area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 44% is softwood, 31% is mixedwood and 25% is hardwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 32%, fir 20% and maple 14%.

Forest Industry

  • New Brunswick’s forest industry directly employed 11,800 people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • It paid $234 million in wages and salaries in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).
  • Manufactured wood products generated $915 million in revenue in 2012. (Statistics Canada, CANSIM Tables 301-0006 and 301-0007).v
  • The province exported $1.5 billion worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the provincial balance of trade was $1.3 billion (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Forest Environment

  • PEI has 265 thousand hectares of forest area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 47% is mixedwood , 29% is hardwood and 24% is softwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are maple 29%, spruce 29%, and fir 13%.

Forest Industry

  • PEI’s forest industry directly employed 600 people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • The province exported $2.2 million worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the provincial balance of trade was $2.1 million. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)

NOVA SCOTIA

Forest Environment

  • Nova Scotia has 4.2 million hectares of land classified as forest. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 50% is softwood, 25% is mixedwood, 11% is hardwood and 14% is unclassified forest.
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 35%, other broadleaves 30% and fir 22%.

Forest Industry

  • Nova Scotia’s forest industry directly employed 5,300 people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • The province exported $636 million worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the provincial balance of trade was $583 million. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)

NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Forest Environment

  • Newfoundland and Labrador has 10.7 million hectares of forest area. (Canadian Council of Forest Ministers, Canada’s National Forest Inventory, 2011)
  • Of this area, 93% is softwood, 6% is mixedwood and 1% is hardwood.
  • The main tree species by volume are spruce 59%, fir 32% and birch 6%.

Forest Industry

  • Newfoundland and Labrador’s forest industry directly employed 1,900 people in 2012. (Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey)
  • The province exported $100 million worth of forest products in 2013. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)
  • The forest sector’s contribution to the provincial balance of trade was $92 million. (Industry Canada, quoting Statistics Canada and US Census Bureau)